Answer :


Given:


Radius of semicircular wire=r


Velocity =v


We know that,


motional emf produced due to a conductor of length l moving with velocity v in a magnetic field B is given by



In the case of semicircular wire, l denotes the effective length of wire perpendicular to velocity.


(a) when the velocity is perpendicular to diameter joining free ends



the effective length of wire perpendicular to velocity is given by length of diameter



Therefore, induced emf in the wire is given by



Therefore, induced emf in this case is 2BvR


(b) when the velocity is parallel to the diameter



The effective length of wire parallel to velocity is zero



Therefore, induced emf in the wire is given by



Therefore, induced emf in this case is zero


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