Q. 31

(a) Consider circuit in Fig 3.10. How much energy is absorbed by electrons from the initial state of no current (ignore thermal motion) to the state of drift velocity?

(b) Electrons give up energy at the rate of RI2 per second to the thermal energy. What time scale would one associate with energy in problem (a)? n = no of electron/volume = 1029/m3, length of circuit = 10 cm, cross-section = A = (1mm)2



Answer :

(a)


(vd is the drift velocity)



Energy absorbed = E = Kinetic energy =



=




(b)


We know power loss is energy dissipated per second.




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