Answer :

The disc from the top of the bowl is placed at a distance of .


Given:



The radius of the circular disc is R, the radius of the bowl is a, and the refractive index of the liquid is , to find the distance of the disc from the top we use the relationship of refractive index and sine values of incidence and refractive angles. The refractive angle r =.


Formula used:


The formula used to find the distance is Snell’s Law. Snell’s Law is the ratio of sine value of incidence angle and refractive angle equivalent to the refractive incidence of the medium on which the light ray falls, in this case the refractive index of the transparent liquid.



where


i is the angle of incidence, and r is the refractive angle and is the refractive index of the transparent liquid.


Explanation:



According to the Snell’s Law the value of the refractive index of the liquid is



To find the value of, let us take the triangle MBD



Height = BD and Hypotenuse = MB




To find the value of, let us take the triangle AMD


Height = AD and Hypotenuse = MA




Putting the value of and and respectively in Snell’s Law


Due to opposite refraction the formula in such cases is reciprocal of refractive index.






Squaring both the sides we get







Therefore, the distance of the disc from the top i.e. the value of the d is.


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