Q. 185.0( 2 Votes )

A charged particle having a charge of –2.0 × 10–6 C is placed close to a nonconducting plate having a surface charge density 4.0 × 10–6 C m–2. Find the force of attraction between the particle and the plate.

Answer :


Given:


Charge of the particle= -2.0× 10-6C=q


Surface charge density=4.0× 10-6C/m2


The electric field due to a plane thin sheet of charge density σ is given by



Proof:


To calculate the electric field at P we choose a cylindrical Gaussian surface as shown in the fig. in which the cross section A and A’ are at equal distance from the plane.



The electric field at all points of A have equal magnitude E. and direction along positive normal. The flux of electric field through A is given by



Since A and A’ are at equal distance from sheet the electric field at any point of A’ is also equal to E and flux of electric field through A’ is also given by


E.ΔS


At the points on curved surface the field and area make an angle of 90° with each other and hence


The total flux through the closed surface is given by


..,(i)


The area of sheet enclosed in the cylinder is given by ΔS


So the charge contained in the cylinder is given by


…(ii)


We know that,


By Gauss’s law, flux of net electric field (E ) through a closed surface S equals the net charge enclosed by the surface (qin) divided by ϵ0



Using gauss law and eqns(i) and (ii)



..(iii)


Now,


Force F on a charge particle of charge q in presence of electric field E is given by



Using eqn(iii),we get



Putting the values of σ and q we get


N


N(-ve sign indicates that the force is attractive in nature)


Therefore force of attraction between the particle and the plate is given by 0.45N


Rate this question :

How useful is this solution?
We strive to provide quality solutions. Please rate us to serve you better.
Related Videos
Kirchoff's Law for VoltageFREE Class
Kirchoff's current & Voltage lawFREE Class
Few Applications of Gauss's law54 mins
All About Faraday's law55 mins
Kirchoff's Voltage Law41 mins
Questions based on Kirchoff's Law for Voltage67 mins
Ohm's Law - Full Concept in one Go59 mins
NCERT Important Questions of Gauss's Law43 mins
Learn Raoult's Law56 mins
Interactive Quiz on Kirchoff's Law38 mins
Try our Mini CourseMaster Important Topics in 7 DaysLearn from IITians, NITians, Doctors & Academic Experts
Dedicated counsellor for each student
24X7 Doubt Resolution
Daily Report Card
Detailed Performance Evaluation
view all courses
RELATED QUESTIONS :