Answer :

Mass of the car, m = 1400 kg

Height covered by the car, h = 10 m


Work done on the car by gravity = -mgh


= -1400×9.8×10


= -137200


(negative sign indicates that the displacement is opposite to the gravitational force)


Initially, speed of the car = 54 km/h = 15 m/s


Initial kinetic energy of the car at given speed = 1/2 × mass × (speed of the car)2


= 0.5 × 1400 × 15 × 15


= 157500 J


Final kinetic energy of the car (it eventually stops) = 0 m/s


Change in kinetic energy of the car = 0 – 157500 = - 157500 J


Also, this change in kinetic energy of the car = Work done by friction + work done by gravity


Work done by friction = Change in kinetic energy – work done by gravity


= -157500 – (-137200)


= -157500 + 137200


= -20300 J


Work done against friction = 20300 J


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