Q. 16

# A car is going at a speed of 21.6 km/hr when it encounters a 12.8 m long slope of angle 30o (figure 6-E5). The friction coefficient between the road and the tyre is 1/2√3. Show that no matter how hard the driver applies the brakes; the car will reach the bottom with a speed greater than 36 km/hr. Take g = 10 m/s2.

The maximum force of friction is developed between the surface of road and the car’s tyres when hard breaks are applied.

So, maximum frictional force = μR

From the free body diagram,

R mg cos θ = 0
R = mg cos θ (i)
and
μR + mamg sin θ = 0 (ii)
μ mg cos θ + mamg sin θ = 0

μg cos θ + a -10(12) =0

a=5- {1-(2)} ×10(/2)

a = -2.5 m/s2

When brakes are applied, car will deaccelerate by 2.5 m/s2

Distance s= 12.8 m
initial velocity u = 6 m/s
Velocity at the end of incline

ν=

v=10 m/s=36 km/h

Hence, the harder the driver applies the brakes, the lower will be the velocity of the car when it reaches the ground, i.e. at 36 km/h

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