Q. 9 D3.8( 33 Votes )

Solve the followi

Answer :

we know that 1g = 7.716 Cal
Now,
100 g = 771.6 cal  771.6/1000 =   0.7716 kCal
250 g = 1929 cal = 1929/1000 = 1.929 kCal
10 g = 77.16 cal = 77.16/1000 =  0.07716 kCal

heat of fusion in ice(Latent) = 80 k Cal / Kg
We know the formula:-

Heat lost in the process = (M(mass)× C(heat capacity) × ΔT(change in temperature)) -------→(i)

As we know, the ice dropped there, that's the heat loss.

 Therefore the Change in temperature = (30 - T) ) ×Heat heat gained by ice = heat lost by the liquid & calorimeter 

Substituting this values in the equation (i)

⇒   the final temperature of the calorimeter + final temperature of liquid   = Heat loss due to the ice at 00

⇒ (30 - T) ×  0.7716  +    (0.1+ (30 - T) ) × { 1.926 × 0.4 }         = {0.07716 ×80 }  +  { T× 0.07716 × 1}


⇒ { 2.3148 - 0.07716) × T + 23.112 -0.7704) × T } = { 6.1728 + 0.07716 ) ×T }

⇒ {2.3148 +23.112 - 6.1728} = {0.07716 + 0.7704 + 0.07716 }

⇒ 0.92472 T = 19.254

⇒T=20.80

  

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