(A) (a) Mr. Verma often behaved irrationally because he was an uneducated old person. After the death of his wife, he felt all alone and sometimes behaved unwell just to get attention. Although all the other family members began caring less about him over time, Rakesh’s devotion towards his father never fluctuated. Despite being a busy doctor, Rakesh devoted time to his father reading out news to his father in the morning and sitting with him in the evening under the open sky. Rakesh cared for his father’s health and thus prohibited him from eating oily food and sweets but his father took offense of that and even complained to his old Bhatia about the same but Rakesh never deviated from a son’s duty. He remained a truly devoted son sincerely carrying out all the duties that he should.
(b) The prose ‘What’s Your Dream’ highlights the significance of freedom in one’s life. The old beggar man also stresses the importance of having one’s own dream. He says that a man achieves his dreams only when he has his freedom. Freedom, according to the old man is everything. He then shares his wisdom by saying that once you have your freedom and fulfill your dream, you should not become greedy and want more and more, because when you become greedy, you are actually taking away another man’s dream from him, in doing so you are taking away his freedom.
Also, the prose highlights that although it’s difficult to fulfill your dream, it’s more difficult to hold your position because once you start being careless or take things for granted, you’ll lose everything.
All these values are very important in one’s life.
(c) Robert Lynd differentiates between the mosquitoes and wasps and bees by saying that the mosquitoes are naturally cold blooded and are on the hunt for blood without any reason; bees and wasps however are not like mosquitoes, they attack only when they are harmed and which of course quite reasonable to attack in defense. He says that bees and wasps are more like humans rather than mosquitoes and they also share the habits of nocturnal rest.
(B) Marian is a child who is physically challenged as she is deaf and dumb. She doesn’t like being with the other kids because she doesn’t understand their slangs, she cannot play with them and she believed that the children make fun of her. The children had sometimes come over at her place to play with her but then they get tired of her as she cannot talk and then they do not enjoy playing with her and leave making her believe that they don’t like her.
Freda, on the other hand is a quite jolly, enthusiastic and patient girl. She is very understanding and she plays with Marian. She brought all her dolls along with her to play ‘schools’ with her and surprisingly, Marian enjoyed playing with her.
Nehru says that danger only looks scary from the distance. It can indeed be a pleasant companion as it helps you grow as a person. If life was easy and without risks or dangers, Nehru says that such a life would be dull. Danger, thus adds zest to life and makes it a delightful journey.
We should look at danger positively because danger is not very bad when we closely look at it. Once we overcome the dangers and risks associated with something, we feel the joy and excitement of overcoming the danger. When faced with danger, one’s senses and perceptions become more keen and the joy becomes more intense. Nehru encourages us to rise up from the valleys to the mountains and breath the fresh air by casting away the fear of danger in climbing the mountain and welcome the rising sun.
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