Q. 13

(a) A patient had

Answer :

a) For such purpose thrombolytic which are also called as clot busters are used One such clot buster is Streptokinase. It is obtained from micro organisms Beta hemolyzing streptococci of group c.

b) To oppose kidney rejection by the body a class of drugs called Immunno suppressants are used. These substances reduces any immune response produced by the body when a foreign body enters .These substances includes Calcineurin Inhibitors,Corticosteroides and antimetabolites.One such Immunno suppressants includes cyclosporine which is obtained from fungus Tolypocladium Inflatum

c) Doctors prescribe ‘Statins’ also known as HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors to lower the blood cholesterol level in patients with high blood cholesterol for example rosuvastatin. Statins are produced by Fungi Penicillium and Aspergillus as secondary metabolites.

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