Q. 1 B4.0( 5 Votes )

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Answer :

(a) All languages, even those of so-called 'primitive' tribes have clever grammatical components.

(b) To find out who created grammar, someone needs to be present at the time of a language's creation, documenting its emergence. Many historical linguists trace modern complex languages back to earlier languages. In order to answer the question, how complex languages were actually formed, the researcher needs to observe how languages were started from scratch.

(c) One of the notable consequences of the Atlantic slave trade was the evolution of some of the most recent languages. Slaves from different ethnicities were forced to work together under colonizer's rule. Lack of opportunity to learn each other’s languages, developed a make-shift language called a pidgin.

(d) Pidgin is a language that developed from the Atlantic slave trade. Pidgins are strings of words copied from the language of the landowner. They have little in the way of grammar, and in many cases it is difficult for a listener to deduce the meaning.

(e) Complex grammar systems which emerge from pidgins are termed as creoles. They are invented by the children. A creole is basically a pidgin.

(f) Children appear to have innate grammatical machinery in their brains, which springs to life when they are first trying to make sense of the world around them. Their minds can serve to create logical, complex structures, even when there is no grammar present for them to copy.

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